Major Models in Ohio's Plan
Simple View of Reading
The Simple View of Reading is a formula based on a widely accepted view that reading includes two basic components: word recognition (decoding) and language comprehension.
The Reading Rope
Including All Learners in the Language and Literacy Development Continuum
Language and literacy develop along a continuum. Starting at birth, children develop skills and move through and between the phases of emergent, early, conventional and adolescent language and literacy. Ohio’s vision and plan include all learners in all phases of language and literacy development, regardless of age or grade, and presumes competence for all learners.